World Soil Day celebrates the importance of soil as a critical component of the natural system and as a vital contributor to the human commonwealth through its contribution to food, water and energy security and as a mitigator of biodiversity loss and climate change. It is celebrated particularly by the global community of 60 000 soil scientists charged with responsibility of generating and communicating soil knowledge for the common good.
World Soil Day is held on December 5th because it corresponds with the official birthday of H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej , the King of Thailand, who officially sanctioned the event. In 2016 we recognise this day in memory and with respect for this beloved monarch who died in October, after seven decades as head of state.
At Soils for Life we promote regenerative landscape management which is about the integrated management of soil, water, vegetation and biodiversity to enable sustainable agricultural production that is good for the environment and farm profits. Support healthy soils everyday!
SOIL FACTS - AND WHY SOIL IS IMPORTANT
Soil is the network of interacting living organisms within the earth's surface layer which support life above ground.
The nutritional value of the food we eat is directly related to the health of the soil in which it grows (or what it eat grows).
Management of agricultural soils should consider the structural, biological and mineral health of the soil (not just N, P, K) to produce nutritionally-dense food.
Soil has varying amounts of organic matter (living and dead organisms), minerals, and nutrients.
An average soil sample is 45% minerals, 25%, 25% air, and 5% organic matter (less in degraded soils).
Carbon is a master variable within the soil that controls many processes, such as development of soil structure, water storage and nutrient cycling.
On average, Australia’s current soil organic carbon content is only around 1%.
In the 1800s, some of the most productive farms in south eastern Australia recorded soil organic carbon content of nearly 20%.
Soil high in organic carbon content enables better rainfall infiltration & retention – providing greater resilience to drought.
Every gram of soil organic carbon can hold up to 8 grams of water.
Soils are vulnerable to carbon loss through degradation, but regenerative land management practices can build soil and restore soil health.
Soil erosion within conventional agricultural practices can occur at rates up to 100 times greater than the rate of natural soil formation.
Natural processes can take more than 500 years to form 2 centimetres of topsoil.
Soil carbon takes three distinct forms: living carbon, labile carbon and fixed carbon.
- Living carbon takes the form of microbes, fungi, plant roots, nematodes, earth worms etc.
- Labile carbon in the soil comprises decomposing (dead) plant and animal material that is in a state of transition.
- Fixed carbon in the soil consists of stable compounds as humates and glomalins.
...Sequestered Carbon comprises the fixed carbon plus the total living biomass.
Soil stores 10% of the world's carbon dioxide emissions.
Around 95% of our food is directly or indirectly produced on our soils.
Microbial activity controls and manipulates the chemistry of the soil: not the other way around.
Soil microbes have a symbiotic relationship with plants - plants provide sugars to microbes and microbes make nutrients bio-available for plants.
Living organisms in soil ultimately control water infiltration, mineral density and nutrient cycling.
Fungi and bacteria help break down organic matter in the soil and earthworms digest organic matter, recycle nutrients, and make the surface soil richer.